How does the macronutrient fat affect your body? Fat is neither good nor bad. It all depends on how you use this macronutrient. Your body uses fat as stored energy and to help build and balance vital hormones.
The thing you need to understand here is that all fats are not bad for your body. Unnecessary fats affect your body’s appearance. Scientifically speaking, fats, also known as lipids, are macromolecules made up of triglycerides. Different types of fats affect your body in many ways.
Types of fats and how they affect your body
There are two main types of fats saturated and unsaturated fats.
1. Saturated fats
Mostly, animal contains saturated fats. Saturated fats are up of single bonds only. These are solid at room temperature. Saturated oils are present in red meat, dairy products, and butter. These form a high percentage of your cell membrane and protect your muscles. Consuming many saturated fats affects your body badly as they may increase bad cholesterol and increase the risk of heart diseases.
2. Unsaturated fats
Unsaturated fats are present in plants, olives, peanuts, seeds, and vegetable oils like coconut oil, olive oil, etc. They are liquid at room temperature. People usually consider them good fats as they have tons of healthy effects on your body. They help to nourish your brain and heart.
3. Cis and Trans fat
Unsaturated fats are further divided into cis and trans fats according to the orientation of hydrocarbons. Trans fat is naturally present in small quantities in dairy and red meat. When industries convert unsaturated oils to solid oil, artificial trans fats produce. Food factories primarily introduced trans-fat to replace saturated fat and decrease costs, but recent studies show that it is worse for your health. Trans fat in all your favorite snacks and junk foods increases bad cholesterol, makes you vulnerable to heart diseases, and causes obesity.
Omega fat acids like omega 3,6,9 are essential fats for your overall well-being. They are also the derivation of unsaturated fats. Also, Omegas are present in natural oils, fish, seeds, and nuts. Omegas improve the functionality of the brain, heart, eyes and prevent many diseases. So, these fats affect your body in the best way.
How your body digest fat
The digestion of fats begins from your mouth; however, the complete digestive process occurs in the small intestine. The acids in your stomach activate the enzymes that breakdowns the oils. The small intestine then dissolves fat with the help of pancreatic enzymes. Fat is denser than carbohydrates and proteins at nine calories per gram compared to four calories per gram. It takes a while for your body to break down fats, but they are less problematic on your digestive system than protein.
Fats balance your hormones.
Hormonal imbalance is common nowadays, and people face it due to many reasons like menopause, PCOS, low estrogen, or low testosterone in men. Researches have shown that saturated fats aid your body in producing hormones.
How your body uses fats for energy
Your body primarily uses carbs for energy to work. When your body runs out of sugars, it starts using energy storage, i.e., your fat. Additionally, fats are first broken down into glucose and enter your bloodstream. Intense activities or workouts can head begin the conversion of fat into energy.
The role fats play in building muscle and storing stomach fat.
When you eat a high quantity of fats, it usually builds within your belly. Besides, overeating can result in the development of extra fat around your stomach. The fat within your belly skin is less harmful; however, the fat within the abdominal cavity underneath your stomach muscle is dangerous and can cause many severe disorders in your body.
The trick is to eat healthy fats in moderation to build muscles through your hormones and to keep you full longer to burn stomach fat.